Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. Some of the best plants for bank stabilization are native grass, and other grass varieties like vetch, wheatgrass, or rye. Another plant that not only looks pretty, but attracts butterflies and even hummingbirds with its nectar supply is the cardinal flower. Water Primrose: Water primrose is a perennial plant that stands erect along the shoreline but also forms long runners (up to 16 feet) that creep across wet soil or float out across the water surface. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. Its beautiful flowers attract bees and butterflies, as well as dragonflies, which consume mosquito larvae. The plants growing in the water are typically a variety of rushes and bulrushes (which look similar to the reeds you can see growing in wetlands) and perennial flowers. Native plants evolved in Wisconsin and therefore are more likely to survive the extreme weather conditions in Wisconsin. They include cannas, irises, pickerel rush and other flowering aquatic plants. Prevent erosion of higher shoreline bluffs by: Retaining moisture-absorbing vegetation on the bluff. Then go about choosing what plants will serve your needs and aesthetic. Over ten inches fell on ground that was already saturated from rainfalls the week before. Plants that have local origins are more desirable ecologically than a plant grown from another U.S region even though they may share the same scientific name. When shoreline erosion happens, major problems arise for property owners as well as the lake environment. Arrowhead or Duck Potato (Sagittaria latifolia). Page 31 of 51! Along river bluffs, river currents can erode the supporting soil. The plant has strong roots and can survive through wide variations of the water level and displays an affinity for high levels of phosphates and hard waters. . Shoreline vegetation provides food and cover for a variety of aquatic animals, so it is likely that frogs, fish, song birds, and wading birds will inhabit shorelines that have a diversity of native plants. Just beware of certain undesirable or invasive plants such as cattails, phragmites, purple loosestrife, alligatorweed and smartweed as many of these have an explosive ability to spread and require extensive effort to manage.Contact your lake and pond management professional to help determine the best plant species for your area and look forward to those beautiful views and welcomed dragonflies, butterflies and waterfowl! The Novi Cottage and Lakefront Living Show on Feb. 27-March 2; the West Michigan Home and Garden Show on March 6-9; and the Lansing Home and Garden Show on March 13-16 will host a variety of free seminars, informational booths and be the site to “ask the experts” from MSU Extension about your gardening questions. These plants can be expected to spread, but are not aggressive. Many people ask why we always suggest native plants for a shoreline garden. Experts agree that re-creating cottage shorelines with native vegetation is the best solution for water quality and long-term shoreline stability. Preventing bluff erosion. On lakes, waves can erode supporting soil at the bottom of the bluff. Boneset is used as a stimulant, febrifuge and laxative as well as other medicinal uses. A successful shoreline landscape hinges on matching plants needs to site conditions. February 26, 2014. Examples of these plants are tropical water lilies, hardy water lilies, watershields and lotus. Learn about lakes online with MSU Extension. They grow in swamps, marshes, and on wet shores and are often found in standing water. Consequently, locating the OHWM is crucial for putting the right plant in the right place. Natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and providing a diverse ecosystem. 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