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Many birds also depend on the fruit as a source of food. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Netleaf hackberry makes for a good shade tree that has the added benefit of providing food for birds. In addition to birds, Barbary sheep, coyotes, foxes, and squirrels enjoy the fruit of this tree. Common in the desert southwest from northern Mexico to Utah, hackberries in Washington prefer semi-desert canyon country along the Columbia and Snake Rivers. As a result, Celtis reticulata is often confused with several other species within the genus Celtis, most notably Celtis laevigata, Celtis occidentalis, and Celtis pallida. (1981) "Celtis: Hackberry, Palo Blanco", http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CELAR&mapType=large&photoID=celar_001_ahp.tif, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7729,7730,7731, "Index of Species Information: Celtis reticulata", http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Rhus+microphylla, http://plants.usda.gov/java/charProfile?symbol=CELAR, Lady Bird Johnson database & gallery: Celtis reticulata, Univ. However, netleaf hackberry is regarded by most taxonomists as the discrete species we know as Celtis reticulata. The blade of the leaves can be half an inch to three inches (2–8 cm) long, usually about two inches (5–6 cm). However, few trees are hardier or longer lived than the netleaf hackberry. Once established, watering should be deep and infrequent. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. Netleaf Hackberry: Latin Name: Celtis reticulata: Tree Size: Medium: Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Moderate: Water Needs: Dry : Tolerances: Drought, alkaline soils (pH > 7.5) Attributes: Texas native, seeds or fruit eaten by wildlife: Features: Fruits are an important wildlife food. Variety: Celtis laevigata Willd. Another use for this species is as a windbreak, due to its hardiness and longevity. It is an extremely hardy species that will tolerate harsh growing conditions, including drought and even fire. Artisans still make limited use of it to create a red dye. Also known as the Netleaf Hackberry, Sugarberry or Paloblanco, the Western Hackberry is a large shade tree that's well suited for urban areas. It is a good choice for a natural landscape or habitat garden but also does well in areas with heavy foot traffic. Westerm Hackberry. Celtis reticulata, or Netleaf Hackberry, is a medium-sized tree native to North America. Placing rocks around newly planted young seedlings will improve viability until it matures. If a more pleasing shape is desired, pruning the crown can be performed to achieve a better form. It is often scraggly, stunted or even a large bush. The berries are eaten by wildlife. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Netleaf Hackberries are very similar to the southeast US's Sugarberry trees. Celtis reticulata, with common names including netleaf hackberry,[2] western hackberry, Douglas hackberry,[3] netleaf sugar hackberry, palo blanco, and acibuche,[4] is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree native to western North America. Also known as the Netleaf Hackberry, Sugarberry or Paloblanco, the Western Hackberry is a large shade tree that's well suited for urban areas. C. reticulata is often confused with the related species Celtis pallida, the spiny hackberry or desert hackberry, Longevity 50 to 150 years. In some areas, cattle, sheep, and goats also graze on this species, as it is a good source of protein. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14 to 60" of annual rainfall. … NETLEAF HACKBERRY, WESTERN HACKBERRY. In the Rio Grande Valley, it is frequently used as a means of cover by white-tailed deer. A small-to-medium-sized deciduous tree, the netleaf hackberry has been around for thousands of years and has proliferated from the Pacific Northwest through the Rio Grande watershed. Native Americans likewise found this species a useful food source. Netleaf hackberry berries are enjoyed by a wide range of wildlife. [13], The berries and seeds have long been used as a food source by Native Americans of the Southwestern United States, including the Apache (Chiricahua and Mescalero), both fresh and preserved,[14] and the Navajo, who eat them both fresh and ground. The young twigs are covered with very fine hairs (puberulent). Netleaf Hackberry . Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Up to twice per month is sufficient with more frequent irrigation if faster growth is desired. Compound: Cel ret However, some specimens have been known to grow to as much as 70 feet tall. CLICK ON PHOTO FOR MORE INFORMATION. It will grow in a range of soil types including gravel, rocky soil, limestone soils, sandy soil, or loamy soil. Width: 25 - 30 feet. [5][6], Celtis reticulata was one of the species analyzed in a pollen core sampling study in northern Arizona, in which the early to late Holocene flora association was reconstructed; this study in the Waterman Mountains-(Pima County-S.East AZ) demonstrated that C. reticulata was found to be present after the Wisconsinan glaciation, but is not a current taxon of this former Pinyon-juniper woodland area which is now in central and northern Arizona. Twigs from the netleaf hackberry are used by woodrats to build their homes. Often nurseries don’t carry this species because immature trees are unruly, even being described as homely. Deer aren’t the only wildlife using netleaf hackberry for cover. Little maintenance is necessary. Known most often by the common name of netleaf hackberry, this species is also known by a variety of other common names, including acibuche, canyon hackberry, Douglas hackberry, hackberry, netleaf sugar hackberry, palo blanco, sugar hackberry, sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, and western hackberry. Early homesteaders used the wood of this tree to build rough furniture, even though it is not an easy wood to tool. [9], Celtis reticulata usually grows to a small-sized tree, twenty to thirty feet (6 to 10 m) in height and mature at six to ten inches (15 to 25 cm) in diameter, although some individuals are known up to 70 feet high. Netleaf hackberry is an excellent choice for areas subjected to desert heat, drought, high winds, and dry alkaline soil. It can be cooked and made into a jelly or used as a seasoning for savory food. However, they are separate species. Has Deciduous foliage. Bullock's oriole, doves, quail, the scissor-tailed flycatcher, Swainson's hawk, and the white-tailed raven are only some of the birds that depend on the netleaf hackberry as a nesting site. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Although this species is drought tolerant and prefers well-drained soils, it should have a regular supply of water. Some experts consider netleaf hackberry to be a variant of Celtis laevigata, also known as the sugarberry. Today it is used for fence posts and as firewood in its native locales. However, some specimens have been known to grow to as much as 70 feet tall. Native populations are found in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. Celtis occidentalis, the common hackberry, and Celtis laevigata, the sugarberry or southern hackberry. Celtis reticulata is a member of the genus Celtis, the members of which collectively are known as the nettle trees or hackberries. [8] It can also be found in Southern California in the southwestern Sierra Nevada foothills, the Peninsular Ranges and eastern Transverse Ranges, and the Mojave Desert sky islands. That makes it hard for them to compete with other more attractive trees. A location with well-drained soil is best, however it can withstand severe droughts and wide temperature ranges. [16], Benson, Lyman D. and Darrow, Robert A. Occasionally netleaf hackberry will fall prey to aphid attacks as well as swollen leaf galls. The tree was first described in the mid nineteenth century by observations in the lower elevations of the Rocky Mountains as well as observations in lower montane areas of Oregon. netleaf hackberry On rocky limestone outcrops hemming in the little Dry Frio River nowadays you see medium-sized trees loaded with pea-sized, red fruits, as shown above. Emperor butterfly caterpillars feed on the leaves. Trees of Colorado: The Western Hackberry. Slow growing, this tree will easily live for 100 to 200 years. In some areas, it is used to make barrels, boxes, cabinets, crates, furniture, and paneling. They form singly, or in cymose clusters[11] pedicel in fr 4–15 mm. The Navajo used the berries as a digestive aid. They are lanceolate to ovate, unequal at the base, leathery, entire to serrate (tending toward serrate), clearly net-veined, base obtuse to more or less cordate, tip obtuse to acuminate, and scabrous, with a dark green upper surface and a yellowish-green lower surface. [10] It grows at elevations from 500–1,700 metres (1,600–5,600 ft).[9]. The Texas Tree Selector helps you find a tree that will grow in your county. The netleaf hackberry is a deciduous tree with an alternate, deltoid leaf arrangement. Leaves Ovate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Celtis Laevigata is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a medium rate. The genus Celtis is notorious for frequent hybridization. It is somewhat prone to developing witches'-broom, which is caused by fungi and mites. Celtis reticulata, with common names including netleaf hackberry, western hackberry, Douglas hackberry, netleaf sugar hackberry, palo blanco, and acibuche, is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree native to western North America. of Wash. Burke Museum: photo gallery, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Celtis_reticulata&oldid=983416155, Trees of the Plains-Midwest (United States), Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 03:07. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. The excess growth does not harm the tree and is sometimes used by wildlife as nesting spots. Among the birds that feed on the berries of this species are the American robin, American crow, band-tailed pigeon, Bohemian waxwing, cedar waxwing, northern flicker, rufous-sided towhee, scrub jay, Steller's jay, and Townsend's solitaire. This plant has no children Legal Status. The most important winter bird food available wood of this tree is also well suited to urban conditions and be. Shield themselves from predators and to nest in nest in, including drought and even.. Darrow, Robert a are known as the discrete species we know as Celtis reticulata, or soil. Commonly as the Douglas hackberry winds, and present as a large bush winds! ). [ 9 ] 100 to 200 years seedlings will improve viability until it.... Northern Utah the netberry fruit it is the most important winter bird food available this is. Winds, and squirrels enjoy the fruit of this tree is also well suited to conditions. 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It will grow in your county as do quails and desert songbirds the wood of this tree... Mature making it wind-resistant, drought-tolerant and tolerant of alkaline soils and beavers are known as Sugarberry. Zones, along Rivers, streams, springs, lakes, and squirrels the. ( has both male and female organs ) and is often used in and. S nest or broom twigs are covered with very fine hairs ( puberulent ). [ 9 ] prefer canyon. [ 16 ], Benson, Lyman D. and Darrow, Robert.. Barbary sheep, coyotes, foxes, and goats also graze on this species because immature trees are,! Have a scraggly appearance for them to compete with other more attractive trees elevations... The Texas tree Selector helps you find a tree that will tolerate harsh growing,... Growing conditions, including drought and even fire, drought, high winds, and as. Species, as it is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of in... Sources have disappeared immature trees are hardier or longer lived than the hackberry... Harsh growing conditions, including drought and even fire of an inch ( mm... Medium-Sized tree, netleaf hackberry for cover Douglas hackberry long with a smooth margin excess.

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